Economic and Social Impact of Pertussis Among Adolescents in San Diego County.

During recent pertussis epidemics, adolescents have experienced a large burden of disease. We assessed the impact of pertussis among San Diego adolescents and their households.
METHODS:
Parents of pertussis patients aged 13-17 years were surveyed about health care utilization, missed work and school, and other factors. Costs of medical visits, medication use, and lost wages were estimated.
RESULTS:
The parents of 53 (of 108 [49%]) eligible 2013 pertussis patients were interviewed; 51 (96%) of these patients previously received tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine. Medical visits included primary care (81%), urgent care (11%), and emergency department (9%); all patients received antibiotics. Forty-seven households (89%) received a post-exposure prophylaxis recommendation, and five (9%) reported ≥1 unpaid parental leave day. Thirty-eight patients (72%) missed ≥1 school day (mean = 5.4 days). Societal costs were estimated at $315.15 per household and $236,047.35 in San Diego during 2013-2014.
CONCLUSIONS:
Even among vaccinated adolescents, pertussis can result in considerable societal costs.

Authors:Varan AK1, Harriman KH2, Winter K2, Thun MD3, McDonald EC3.
Journal:J Adolesc Health. 2016
Link:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26802995