To assess the clinical characteristics and direct health costs associated with pertussis cases reported to and confirmed by epidemiological services and cases detected among household contacts in Catalonia (Spain) in 2012-2013.
All pertussis cases confirmed by the epidemiological services (n = 641) and all cases detected among the household contacts (n = 422) were included in the study. The chi-square test and odds ratios were used to compare percentages and the t-test was used to compare mean pertussis costs, with p < 0.05 being considered statistically significant.
Cases reported to epidemiological services had a higher percentage of hospitalizations (OR = 32.2, p < 0.001) and severe disease (OR = 27.7, p < 0.001) than cases detected among the household contacts. The total health costs associated with pertussis cases were €871,648, €799,704 (92 %) for cases reported to epidemiological services and €71,944 (8 %) for cases detected among the household contacts. Total treatment, detection, and quimiprophylaxis costs were € 809,702, € 44,312, and € 17,635, representing 92.5 %, 5.5 %, and 2 % of total pertussis costs respectively. The mean costs were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in cases reported to epidemiological services than in cases detected among the household contacts, for all cases (€1248 vs €170), and for severe (€4546 vs €1073), moderate (€204 vs €165), and mild (€153 vs €133) disease.
The burden of pertussis in Catalonia was high in terms of health costs, especially in infants aged less than 1 year. Active epidemiological surveillance activities could prevent pertussis transmisison and reduce pertussis costs.
Authors:Plans P1,2, Muñoz-Almagro C3, Godoy P4,5, Jané M4,5, Carmona G4.
Journal:Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015