Clinical characteristics and pertussis costs in cases reported to epidemiological services and cases detected in household contacts in Catalonia (Spain).

To assess the clinical characteristics and direct health costs associated with pertussis cases reported to and confirmed by epidemiological services and cases detected among household contacts in Catalonia (Spain) in 2012-2013.
METHODS:
All pertussis cases confirmed by the epidemiological services (n = 641) and all cases detected among the household contacts (n = 422) were included in the study. The chi-square test and odds ratios were used to compare percentages and the t-test was used to compare mean pertussis costs, with p < 0.05 being considered statistically significant.
RESULTS:
Cases reported to epidemiological services had a higher percentage of hospitalizations (OR = 32.2, p < 0.001) and severe disease (OR = 27.7, p < 0.001) than cases detected among the household contacts. The total health costs associated with pertussis cases were €871,648, €799,704 (92 %) for cases reported to epidemiological services and €71,944 (8 %) for cases detected among the household contacts. Total treatment, detection, and quimiprophylaxis costs were € 809,702, € 44,312, and € 17,635, representing 92.5 %, 5.5 %, and 2 % of total pertussis costs respectively. The mean costs were significantly higher (p < 0.001) in cases reported to epidemiological services than in cases detected among the household contacts, for all cases (€1248 vs €170), and for severe (€4546 vs €1073), moderate (€204 vs €165), and mild (€153 vs €133) disease.
CONCLUSIONS:
The burden of pertussis in Catalonia was high in terms of health costs, especially in infants aged less than 1 year. Active epidemiological surveillance activities could prevent pertussis transmisison and reduce pertussis costs.

Authors:Plans P1,2, Muñoz-Almagro C3, Godoy P4,5, Jané M4,5, Carmona G4.
Journal:Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015
Link:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26718939