An outbreak investigation identified 15 pertussis cases among 5 infants and 10 healthcare professionals at 1 hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The cost of the outbreak to this hospital was $97 745. Heightened awareness of pertussis in NICUs is key to preventing healthcare-associated spread and minimizing outbreak-control-related costs. Bordetella pertussis is a highly communicable bacterial pathogen that causes a prolonged cough illness and is spread by respiratory droplet transmission. Infants aged ≤6 months are most susceptible to B pertussis infection and pertussis-associated complications, including pneumonia, encephalopathy, and death, and are commonly hospitalized for treatment [ 1]. Despite a universal pertussis vaccination program, 27 550 pertussis cases were reported in the United States during 2010 [ 2]. Pertussis outbreaks in healthcare settings can be challenging and costly to control . On September 13, 2011 and September 15, 2011, 3 pertussis cases, including 2 confirmed by B pertussis isolation, among preterm infants discharged ≤30 days previously from a 71-bed NICU of a general hospital (NICU A) were reported by Hospital B, a large pediatric facility, to Maricopa County Department of Public Health. This report describes the outbreak, examines outbreak-associated costs and risk factors that might have contributed to healthcare-associated transmission, and provides guidance to prevent outbreaks in healthcare settings.
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society 2013. This work is written by US Government employees and is in the public domain in the US.
Authors:Yasmin S1, Sunenshine R2, Bisgard KM3, Wiedeman C4, Carrigan A2, Sylvester T2, Garcia G2, Rose K2, Wright S2, Miller S2, Huerta Rde L2, Houser H2, D’Souza A4, Anderson S4, Howard K5, Komatsu K4, Klein R2.
Journal:J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2014