Validation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid diagnosis of pertussis infection in nasopharyngeal samples.

To develop and validate a novel loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid diagnosis (<1 hour) of whooping cough in nasopharyngeal samples versus the gold standard: real-time PCR.
The study included all nasopharyngeal samples (n = 213) collected from children with clinical suspicion of pertussis admitted to Children's University Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (Barcelona, Spain) during July-December 2014. Fresh samples were routinely analyzed by real-time PCR and stored for retrospective LAMP analysis, following an easy 30 minute DNA extraction step by Chelex-100.
Performance results of the LAMP assay were: linearity, 105-101 CFU/ml; Limit of Detection, 2 CFU/ml; precision (mean CV), 7.38%; diagnostic sensitivity, 96.55%; diagnostic specificity, 99.46%; time to detection, 12-30 minutes.
The new test was shown to be 2.5-fold faster than real-time PCR while maintaining similar levels of analytical and clinical performance. Therefore it could become a useful diagnostic tool for molecular point-of-care testing.

Authors:Brotons P1, de Paz HD1, Esteva C1, Latorre I1, Muñoz-Almagro C1.
Journal:Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2015