The Decline of Pertussis-Specific Antibodies After Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Acellular Pertussis Immunization in Late Pregnancy.

We prospectively measured pertussis-specific antibodies 9-15 months after delivery in women immunized with tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) after the 20th week of their recent pregnancy. The Tdap-immunized women (n = 38) exhibited a decline in geometric mean concentrations between their peripartum and follow-up levels for immunoglobulin G to pertussis toxin (21.48 [95% confidence interval, 12.51-36.89] vs 11.72 [7.09-19.37] IU/mL];); filamentous hemagglutinin (185.95 [157.93-218.94] vs 140.33 IU/mL [113.46-173.57] IU/mL); and pertactin (171.52 [120.73-243.67] vs 83.74 [60.58-115.75] IU/mL) (all P < .001). For women immunized with Tdap during late pregnancy, pertussis-specific immunoglobulin G levels decreased significantly 9-15 months after delivery.

Authors:Abu Raya B1, Srugo I2, Kessel A3, Peterman M4, Vaknin A5, Bamberger E6.
Journal:J Infect Dis. 2015