Despite pertussis vaccination rates in excess of 95%, pertussis rates in the United States have been rising over the last 30 years, with increasingly larger outbreaks in 2004, 2010, and 2012. The reasons for this resurgence of pertussis are not clearly understood. The recent development of a baboon model of pertussis, along with the future development of a human challenge model of pertussis, has the potential to provide a path forward for answering critical questions about pertussis pathogenesis and host responses and will likely aid in the development of next-generation pertussisvaccines.
Journal:J Infect Dis. 2014